July 2024

Heat Stroke and Heat Exhaustion

Know the signs to stay safe this summer

There are many fun things associated with the summer, but keep in mind, the warmer temperatures also bring some dangers. Heat stroke and heat exhaustion are two of the most common heat related illnesses.


According to the CDC and The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), heat stroke occurs when the body can no longer control its temperature and the body’s temperature rises rapidly. The sweating mechanism fails, and the body is unable to cool down. Heat exhaustion is the body’s response to an excessive loss of water and salt, usually through excessive sweating.


When heat stroke occurs, the body temperature can rise to 106°F or higher within 10 to 15 minutes. Heat stroke can cause permanent disability or death if the person does not receive emergency treatment. Heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke and is most likely to affect the elderly, people with high blood pressure, and those working in a hot environment (professionally or recreationally).


Symptoms of heat stroke include:

  • Confusion, altered mental status, slurred speech
  • Loss of consciousness (coma)
  • Hot, dry skin or profuse sweating
  • Seizures
  • Very high body temperature
  • Fatal if treatment is delayed


Take the following steps to treat heat stroke:

  • Call 911 for emergency medical care.
  • Stay with the individual until emergency medical services arrive.
  • Move the individual to a shaded, cool area and remove outer clothing.
  • Circulate the air around the individual to speed cooling.
  • Cool the individual quickly, using the following methods:
  • Use cold water or an ice bath, if possible
  • Wet the skin
  • Place cold wet cloths on the skin (focus on head, neck, armpits and groin)
  • Soak clothing with cool water


Symptoms of heat exhaustion include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Irritability
  • Thirst
  • Heavy sweating
  • Elevated body temperature
  • Decreased urine output


Take the following steps to treat heat exhaustion:

  • Take the person to a clinic or emergency room for medical evaluation and treatment.
  • Call 911 if medical care is unavailable.
  • Have someone stay with the individual until help arrives.
  • Remove the individual from the hot area and give liquids to drink.
  • Remove unnecessary clothing, including shoes and socks.
  • Cool the individual with cold compresses or have them wash their head, face, and neck with cold water.
  • Encourage frequent sips of cool water.


The best way to combat heat stroke and heat exhaustion is to limit time outside in the hot sun, find shade and stay hydrated throughout the day. 

Resources: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/heatstress/heatrelillness.html


Florida Conference on Aging: 2024

Register today to secure your spot!


The Florida Conference on Aging is a multi-disciplinary conference held annually. FCOA is proud to partner with the Florida Association of Aging Services Providers for this event. Watch the FCOA website and Facebook page for information about specific workshops and speakers.

Click the button below to register or call 850-222-8877 with any questions. Exhibitors should complete the Exhibitor and Sponsor Form found at www.fcoa.org or call FCOA for more information.

Medicare Moments

Home Health Care Benefits

Did you know that Medicare can cover needed home health care in the comfort of your own home? Such services must be deemed reasonable and necessary for the treatment of an illness or injury. Medicare pays 100% for Medicare-approved services.

What’s Covered:

  • Part-time or intermittent skilled nursing care
  • Physical therapy, speech-language therapy, and occupational therapy
  • Part-time or intermittent home health aide services (such as help with personal care, such as bathing, using the toilet, or dressing)
  • Medical social services (such as counseling or help finding resources in the community)
  • Certain medical supplies, such as wound dressings
  • Durable medical equipment (like a walker).

Who Can Get Covered Home Health Care:

  • You must be confined to your home.
  • You must be under the care of a doctor, who you’ve seen face-to-face and has certified your need for home health services and established a plan of care.
  • A Medicare-certified home health agency must provide the services.

Let a trained SHINE Counselor assist you with this and all your Medicare questions.

Just call the Elder Helpline at 866 - 467- 4624

 SHINE is a program of the Florida Department of Elder Affairs and is offered locally by Advantage Aging Solutions.

SHINE provides free and unbiased health insurance counseling through a network of volunteers, empowering Florida seniors to make informed healthcare choices.

Cost savings could be yours too through the Medicare Savings Programs and the Extra Help Program.

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