2021 NCTD Disparity Study Virtual Workshops

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About the Disparity Study


North County Transit District (NCTD) seeks to level the playing field for minority- and woman-owned businesses competing for its contracts. In March 2021, NCTD engaged Keen Independent Research to analyze whether there are disparities in the utilization of diverse firms in its contracts and in the local marketplace.


Visit the study website: https://www.keenindependent.com/2021nctddisparitystudy/


Study Team


Keen Independent is a national economic consulting firm. Principals David Keen and Annette Humm Keen are leading this assignment. Mr. Keen has led more than 100 disparity studies and has served as an expert witness successfully defending targeted business programs in court.


The study team includes local firms GCAP Services, Inc., SVPR Communications and Yen C. Tu Consulting. The survey firm CRI and the law firm Rosales Law Partners are also assisting in the study

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